International Conference
Lithuanian University of Agriculture, Akademija, Kaunas, Lithuania, 19-21 November 2009
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Lithuanian Millennium – great and magic date…

The name of Lithuania for the first time was mentioned in Quedlinburg Annals (Germany) in 1009. Over a thousand years ago Lithuania – the state in the eastern Baltic Sea - again and again fought for its survival, suffered dramatic occupation of other countries but only one of the Eastern Baltic region nations stood up against the crusades.

In about 1235 Duke Mindaugas united Lithuania and in 1253 he was crowned as a King of Lithuania. In 1387 Lithuania was christened, and in 1579 one of the oldest in Eastern Europe Vilnius University was founded.

Until the restitution of Independence in 1990 03 11 Lithuania has been in the political conflict zone and occupied by great neighbors like Tsarist Russia (1795-1915), Soviet Union (1940-41 and 1944-90) Nazi Germany (1941-44). Especially painful was occupation by Soviet Union, where Lithuania has lost hundreds of thousands of its best sons and daughters killed in the resistance fighting after the World War II, deported to Siberia and emigrated to the West.

Lithuania goes to the second Millennium counting in its future, being the member of European Union and the NATO. We believe that this will guarantee the irreversibility of the achievements of the independence lasting by centuries.


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